Let’s learn about the history of basketball in Korea

In the United States in the late 19th century, basketball was designed as a ball game that can be played even in the rain or in the cold winter. In 1891, the International YMCA Physical Education School in Springfield, Massachusetts (later Springfield University) was founded by Canadian teacher James Naismith.

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Initially, the number of players for the two teams was not constant, but in 1895, one team decided to consist of five, and in 1897 it was stipulated, and in 1896 the first official competition rules committee was formed. In addition, the shape of the court was initially irregular, but in 1903 it was decided that all the lines of the court should be straight. In 1905, the American Western College Basketball Association was formed, and in 1915, the YMCA, the American Athletic Association, and the American College Federation worked together to see the normal development of basketball.

The propagation of basketball through the YMCA was spread to many countries including Canada, South America, Japan, Philippines, Korea, China, and other Asian regions, as well as Europe, Germany, Bulgaria, Poland, France, and Italy. The popularity and boom of basketball began to rise sharply after the end of World War II.

The basketball game was adopted as an official Olympic sport from the 11th Berlin Olympic Games. Until the 15th Helsinki Olympic Games in 1952, the games were played according to the regulations of the United States, but after that, they are played according to the regulations of the International Amateur Basketball Federation.

International competitions on a world scale are hosted by FIBA, which is comprised of representatives from each country, and national teams from Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and South America will compete in the Olympics and World Championships.

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Meanwhile, in professional basketball, the Trenton team in New Jersey, USA was formed in 1898, and in the same year, several professional teams were established to compete in a league match in the United States. Since then, as the professional team’s game has been activated, professional basketball has become known all over the world.


How to play and rules

As for the rules, the international rules established by FIBA ​​(International Basketball Federation) are generally applied. Just as there are differences between international and American rules, there are some differences between professional and amateur games.

Each team consists of 5 players, of which the captain can ask for an explanation during the match or politely ask the referee if he has any questions. A player’s replacement member is allowed for each team up to seven, and all players must use a unique number from 4 to 15 on the front and back of the uniform.

There are 3 referees, the referee, the 1st and 2nd referees. In addition, the game scorer (the scorer, the assistant scorer, the game time timer, the 24-second timekeeper) and the supervisor assist the referee.

The game time is played in 4 quarters of 10 minutes each, and in the case of the NBA, 4 quarters of 12 minutes are played. If admitted, you can have a charged timeout of 90 seconds each, 2 times in the first half and 3 times in the second half. The game begins with the referee’s toss-up in the center circle and all other quarters except the first quarter begin when the ball is handed over to the player taking the throw-in.

In the second half, both teams change baskets to resume play. The score is 2 points for a field throw (3 points outside the 3 point line) and 1 point for a free throw. Even if you accidentally put the ball into your team’s basket, it is counted as the opponent’s goal. . The team with a lot of scoring points throughout the entire game time wins, but if both teams are tied, the extra quarter will continue for 5 minutes per time until the game is masked.

There are two main types of fouls, personal fouls caused by unfair contact with the body, and technical fouls other than direct fouls of players including coach fouls. Personal offenses include charging, tripping, hacking, pushing, blocking, and holding, and technical fouls include delays in the game and errors in procedures.

After five offenses, the player is sent off. In the event of a foul, the opponent of the opponent is rewarded according to the situation. In other words, if it is unsuccessful due to an opponent’s foul during the shooting motion, two free throws (three in the three-point shoot motion) are given, and if the shot is successful, one free throw is given as a bonus. It becomes a throw-in on the side line.

Violation while handling the ball other than a foul is called a violation. In this case, the ball passes to the opposing team and becomes a throw-in at the side line. In addition, if a team commits 4 team fouls in one quarter, a team foul penalty will be applied from the 5th, and 2 free throws will be awarded for subsequent individual fouls.

Attacks are largely divided into two types: ground-breaking method and fast-breaking method.The ground-breaking method focuses on the control of the ball, so that the attack is slowly developed with a pass or dribble until the shot is clearly successful. .

Defensive tactics include interpersonal defense in which the opposing player is in charge of one-on-one, and regional defense tactics in which each player is in charge of certain areas. In addition to the shift defense tactics that changed the defense against people, there are all-court defense and press defense, and many defense methods developed by transforming these tactics into various ways appear.

Stadium and competition equipment

Basketball is the same for both men and women in both facilities and equipment. The court shall be a solid rectangle without obstacles, and the court size for all FIBA’s major official events shall be 28m long and 15m wide, measured from within the boundary line. For other FIBA-recognized organizations or national federation-approved competitions, a court with a length of 26 m and a width of 14 m is also possible. The size of the court is measured inside the perimeter, and the height of the ceiling should be at least 7m.

The lighting hould be enough to illuminate the court (floor), and also make sure it doesn’t dazzle when you shoot. Lighting equipment should be installed where it does not interfere with the athlete’s view. The width of all lines should be 5cm, and should be drawn clearly in white if possible. The boundaries of the court must be at least 2m away from obstacles, including spectators, billboards, or team benches.

The court has a side line and an end line, and the center line is drawn parallel to the end line at the center point of both side lines. In addition, the free throw line, center circle, 3-point shot area, and team bench area are indicated.

The backboard of the basketball table should be made of solid wood or transparent material with a thickness of 3cm, the surface should be flat, and the border should be marked with a line. If the backboard is not transparent, paint it white.

The size of the backboard is 1.8m (+3cm) wide and 1.05cm (+2cm) long, and the height from the floor to the bottom of the backboard should be 2.9m. Also, on the backboard just behind the ring, a rectangular line of 59cm wide and 45cm long should be drawn. At this time, the line is drawn in white when the backboard is transparent, and in black when it is made of other materials.

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